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projekte:banana-pro:install-armbian-to-a-sata-drive

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projekte:banana-pro:install-armbian-to-a-sata-drive [2016/03/10 01:49]
daniel angelegt
projekte:banana-pro:install-armbian-to-a-sata-drive [2016/04/27 10:33] (aktuell)
daniel [Automatic installation with nand-sata-install]
Zeile 1: Zeile 1:
 ====== Install Armbian to a SATA drive ====== ====== Install Armbian to a SATA drive ======
 +
 +===== Automatic installation with nand-sata-install =====
  
 <code bash> <code bash>
 +sudo nand-sata-install
 +</code>
 +
 +The installer seems to optimize the harddrive settings in /etc/fstab for ssd's and flash drives. For traditional harddrives i modified the settings and turned on the filesystem check. [[projekte:banana-pro:install-armbian-to-a-sata-drive#editingetcfstab_and_installing_smartmontools|Editing fstab and installing smartmontools]]
 +===== Manual installation steps =====
 +
 +This guide might not be up to date. Check the other sources as well if you run into troubles.
 +
 +Sources:\\
 +[[http://www.htpcguides.com/move-linux-banana-pi-sata-setup/]]\\
 +[[https://forum.htpcguides.com/Thread-Problem-pointing-boot-to-hdd]]\\
 +[[https://blog.doenselmann.com/banana-pi-mit-ssd-hdd-betreiben/]]
 +
 +<code bash sata.sh>
 +# switch to su
 sudo su sudo su
  
Zeile 22: Zeile 39:
 #copy root fs from sd card to the harddrive #copy root fs from sd card to the harddrive
 sudo mkdir /tmp/sata sudo mkdir /tmp/sata
 +mount /dev/sda1 /tmp/sata
 +rsync -arx --progress / /tmp/sata
  
 +# edit boot.cmd
 +mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot
 +nano /boot/boot/boot.cmd
 +# change first line from root=/dev/mmcblk0p1 to root=/dev/sda1
 +setenv bootargs "console=tty1 root=/dev/sda1 rootwait rootfstype=ext4 cgroup-enable=memory swapaccount=1 sunxi_ve_mem_reserve=0 sunxi_g2d_mem_reserve=0 sunxi_no_mali_mem_reserve sunxi_fb_mem_reserve=16 hdmi.audio=EDID:0 disp.screen0_output_mode=1920x1080p60 panic=10 consoleblank=0 enforcing=0 loglevel=1"
 +# save and close file
 +# recompile boot.cmd to boot.scr
 +mkimage -C none -A arm -T script -d /boot/boot/boot.cmd /boot/boot/boot.scr
  
 +# edit fstab to mount drive on boot
 +nano /tmp/sata/etc/fstab
 +# set line with /dev/mmcblk0p1 to
 +/dev/sda1 /           ext4    defaults,noatime,nodiratime,data=writeback,commit=600,errors=remount-rw        0       0
 +# sync changes on harddrive to sd card
 +sync
 +# or edit the fstab file on the sd card as well: nano /etc/fstab
  
 +# reboot system
 +reboot
 </code> </code>
 +
 +===== Editing /etc/fstab and installing smartmontools =====
 +
 +<code bash>
 +
 +# modify /etc/fstab settings for /dev/sda1
 +sudo nano /etc/fstab
 +
 +# change line
 +#/dev/sda1      /           ext4    defaults,noatime,nodiratime,commit=600,errors=remount-ro        0       0
 +# to this
 +/dev/sda1       /           ext4    defaults,errors=remount-ro        0       1
 +# Set the sixth field (fs_passno) from 0 to 1 or fsck will not check this drive 
 +
 +# install tune2fs to modify the filesystem parameters
 +sudo tune2fs -l /dev/sda1
 +# check filesystem every 10 mounts
 +sudo tune2fs -c 10 /dev/sda1
 +# check filesystem after 7 days
 +sudo tune2fs -i 7d /dev/sda1
 +
 +sudo reboot
 +
 +# install smartmontools to monitor the drive S.M.A.R.T. data
 +sudo apt-get install smartmontools
 +
 +#smartctl --info /dev/sda
 +#smartctl -P show /dev/sda
 +#smartctl --help
 +#smartctl -H /dev/sda
 +#smartctl -a /dev/sda
 +</code>
 +
projekte/banana-pro/install-armbian-to-a-sata-drive.1457570942.txt.gz · Zuletzt geändert: 2016/03/10 01:49 von daniel