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It is worth noting that.




Install Armbian to a SATA drive

Automatic installation with nand-sata-install

sudo nand-sata-install

The installer seems to optimize the harddrive settings in /etc/fstab for ssd's and flash drives. For traditional harddrives i modified the settings and turned on the filesystem check. Editing fstab and installing smartmontools

Manual installation steps

This guide might not be up to date. Check the other sources as well if you run into troubles.


# switch to su
sudo su
fdisk /dev/sda
# show partitions on drive by pressing p
# delete old partitions by pressing d (attention! data loss!)
# write changes to partition table by pressing w
fdisk /dev/sda
# create new partition by pressing n
# type primary p
# partition number 1
# default first and last sector (use whole disk)
#format drive as ext4
mke2fs -t ext4 -L rootfs /dev/sda1
#copy root fs from sd card to the harddrive
sudo mkdir /tmp/sata
mount /dev/sda1 /tmp/sata
rsync -arx --progress / /tmp/sata
# edit boot.cmd
mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /boot
nano /boot/boot/boot.cmd
# change first line from root=/dev/mmcblk0p1 to root=/dev/sda1
setenv bootargs "console=tty1 root=/dev/sda1 rootwait rootfstype=ext4 cgroup-enable=memory swapaccount=1 sunxi_ve_mem_reserve=0 sunxi_g2d_mem_reserve=0 sunxi_no_mali_mem_reserve sunxi_fb_mem_reserve=16 hdmi.audio=EDID:0 disp.screen0_output_mode=1920x1080p60 panic=10 consoleblank=0 enforcing=0 loglevel=1"
# save and close file
# recompile boot.cmd to boot.scr
mkimage -C none -A arm -T script -d /boot/boot/boot.cmd /boot/boot/boot.scr
# edit fstab to mount drive on boot
nano /tmp/sata/etc/fstab
# set line with /dev/mmcblk0p1 to
/dev/sda1	/           ext4    defaults,noatime,nodiratime,data=writeback,commit=600,errors=remount-rw        0       0
# sync changes on harddrive to sd card
# or edit the fstab file on the sd card as well: nano /etc/fstab
# reboot system

Editing /etc/fstab and installing smartmontools

# modify /etc/fstab settings for /dev/sda1
sudo nano /etc/fstab
# change line
#/dev/sda1      /           ext4    defaults,noatime,nodiratime,commit=600,errors=remount-ro        0       0
# to this
/dev/sda1       /           ext4    defaults,errors=remount-ro        0       1
# Set the sixth field (fs_passno) from 0 to 1 or fsck will not check this drive 
# install tune2fs to modify the filesystem parameters
sudo tune2fs -l /dev/sda1
# check filesystem every 10 mounts
sudo tune2fs -c 10 /dev/sda1
# check filesystem after 7 days
sudo tune2fs -i 7d /dev/sda1
sudo reboot
# install smartmontools to monitor the drive S.M.A.R.T. data
sudo apt-get install smartmontools
#smartctl --info /dev/sda
#smartctl -P show /dev/sda
#smartctl --help
#smartctl -H /dev/sda
#smartctl -a /dev/sda
projekte/banana-pro/install-armbian-to-a-sata-drive.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2016/04/27 10:33 von daniel

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